How do you say ‘like’ in German? If you want to have conversations and get to know people in German, you need to learn how to express your likes and dislikes. In German there are few different words that we use to say ‘like’ depending on the situation. Auf gehts!
Gefallen means ‘to please’ and is used with the dative case. Gefallen is an irregular verb and is conjugated as depending on the subject.
It is the most complicated way to express liking something in German (for English speakers), but it’s also essential to know it. Just remember that it all gets easier once we get gefallen out of the way, so stick with me!
- gefällt mir = is pleasing to me
- gefällt dir = is pleasing to you (informal)
- gefällt ihm / ihr = is pleasing to him / her
- gefällt euch = is pleasing to you (plural)
- gefällt uns = is pleasing to us
- gefällt Ihnen = is pleasing to you (formal)
Let’s take a look at it in a sentence:
- Das Bild gefällt mir = The picture is pleasing to me
- Berlin gefällt uns = Berlin is pleasing to us
In the first example think of gefällt as ‘is pleasing’ and mir as ‘to me’. This may sound a little odd to English speakers but it’s an important phrase to learn. It’s best to try to not overthink it and learn it as a chunk.
If you want to talk about something ‘being pleasing to you’ in the past tense, you just use the conjugated past tense of haben and the unconjugated form gefallen:
- Es hat mir gefallen = It was pleasing to me (I liked it)
When is gefallen used?
Gefallen is connected to sight or hearing, but not smell, touch or taste. It can be used to judge something based on appearance and can sometimes be superficial. It’s a very visual expression.
- Berlin gefällt mir = I like Berlin (I like Berlin from a visual point of view)
- Dieses Lied gefällt ihm = He likes this song
- Die Frau da gefällt mir = I like that women there
The last example demonstrates a quick judgement of a woman’s looks and is quite superficial.
Gefallen is never used with verbs, so if you want to say you enjoy an activity don’t use gefallen.
Gefallen is also never used with food and drink.
To say you don’t like something in German we use nicht to negate the statement. Bear in mind the following rule:
Generally nicht goes to the end of the statement or main clause.
- Mir gefällt das Bild nicht = To me is pleasing that picture not (That picture is not pleasing to me)
From now on it gets much easier to say ‘like’ in German.
Mögen is modal verb that means ‘to like’ and is conjugated as follows:
- ich mag
- du magst
- er / sie / es mag
- ihr mögt
- wir / sie / Sie mögen
Mögen is far simpler than gefallen and can be used in a similar way to the English ‘I like that’.
- Ich mag diesen Kaffee sehr = I like this coffee a lot
When is mögen used?
Mögen can be used for all senses:
- Ich mag den Geruch von Rosen = I like the smell of roses
- Ich mag das Gefühl von Seide = I like the feel of silk
It is also used to express your feelings towards a being, thing, place or fact:
- Ich mag dich sehr = I like you a lot (I like this person on a more intense level, it’s no longer about judging someone on their looks)
- Ich mag die Stadt Bremen = I like the city Bremen (I like Bremen on a more fundamental level than just how it looks)
Here’s an example of liking a ‘fact’:
- Ich mag es, wenn du mir schreiben = I like it when you write to me
You can use mögen for food and drink, but never for verbs.
Again, we use nicht to negate a statement and put it at the end of the phrase or [main clause].
- Ich mag das nicht = I don’t like that
- [Ich mag es nicht,] wenn er mich unterbricht = I don’t like it, when he interrupts me
- Ich mag den Geruch von Kaffee nicht = I don’t like the smell of coffee
Gern / Gerne
Gern / gerne means ‘with pleasure’ or ‘gladly’ and is used with verbs. You can use it to say ‘I like [activity]’ in German.
- Ich lese gern = I read gladly (I like reading)
- Ich trinke gern Bier = I drink beer gladly (I like drinking beer)
- Ich höre gern Musik = I listen to music gladly (I like listening to music)
Top tip: Gern and gerne are completely interchangeable and it really doesn’t matter which one you use. Just say whatever sounds best to you.
To say you don’t like doing something using gern is quite straightforward. Just add nicht in front of gern.
- Ich lese nicht gern = I don’t like reading
- Ich trinke nicht gern Bier = I don’t like drinking beer
- Ich höre nicht gern Musik = I don’t like listening to music
So now you know the 3 ways to say ‘like’ in German. All 3 words have their own uses, so it’s important to get a feel for each of them in daily conversation.
If you enjoyed this post, there are many more posts in the How to Say … in German series.