How To Describe Personality In German [41 Revealing Ways]

Our personalities make us who we are, therefore being about to describe someone’s personality in German (Persönlichkeit) is an important skill. You may want to describe your new boyfriend or girlfriend to some friends, describe yourself, pay someone a compliment or even insult someone!

Either way, learning how to describe personalities in German with give you a tonne of new adjectives to further expand your German. After reading this post you will know:

  • Simple phrases you need create a sentence
  • 41 adjectives used to describe personalities in German
  • How describing personalities sound with example sentences

Phrases to Describe Personality in German

In order to create a sentence to describe someone’s personality, there are a few simple phrases you need to combine with the adjectives you’re about to learn:

Ich bin…I am…
Sie sind / du bist…You are… (formal / informal)
Mein Freund / meine Freundin ist…My boyfriend / girlfriend is…
Er / sie ist…He / she is…

41 Adjectives to Describe Personality in German

Let’s take a look at the adjectives that we need to describe personality in German. Below you will find 41 adjectives used for describing personality. You can simply choose your adjective and pair it with the appropriate phrase above to create the sentence.

Positive Personality Adjectives

nett
nice
freundlich
friendly
hilfsbereit
helpful
sympathisch
likeable
witzig / lustig
funny
höflich
polite
mutig
brave
großzügig
generous
geduldig
patient
fleißig
diligent / hard working
ruhig
calm
selbstlos
selfless
unabhängig
independent
charmant
charming
klug
clever / smart

Negative Personality Adjectives

faul
lazy
gemein
mean
eifersüchtig
jealous
unfreundlich
unfriendly
verrückt
crazy
geizig
stingy
arrogant
arrogant
aggressiv
aggressive
anhänglich
clingy
dumm
stupid / dumb
ungeduldig
impatient
unhöflich
impolite
launisch
moody

More Personality Adjectives

komisch
strange / funny
abenteuerlustig
adventurous
kreativ
creative
selbstbewusst
confident
schüchtern
shy
spontan
spontaneous
romantisch
romantic
fürsorglich
caring
lieb
sweet / kind
intelligent
intelligent
direkt
direct
aktiv
active
gesellig
sociable

A Note on Adjective Endings

In German, adjectives require a certain ending if they are placed in front of a noun. If they stand on their own, they don’t take an ending. When using these adjectives to describe personality in German, they will mostly stand on their own so you don’t need to worry about adding an ending.

Let’s take a look at an example:

Meine Mutter ist sehr geduldig.
My mother is very patient.
Meine Mutter ist eine sehr geduldige Frau.
My mother is a very patient woman.

In the first sentence, the adjective geduldig (patient) is sitting there at the end of a sentence, on it’s own. Therefore I doesn’t take an ending.

In the second sentence the adjective is describing the mother as a patient woman. Die Frau (the woman) is a noun and geduldig (patient) is the adjective. Since this adjective appears in front of a noun it needs to take the appropriate ending, in this case -e.

Like I mentioned, you can avoid using adjective endings by describing personalities using the first sentence as an example.

Describing Personalities in German: Example Sentences

Let’s take a look at these adjectives in action with some example sentences:

Wie ist dein neuer Freund so?
What is your new boyfriend like?
Er ist sehr großzügig und romantisch.
He is really generous and romantic.
Meine neue Kollegin ist sehr intelligent, aber sie scheint ein bisschen verrückt zu sein.
My new colleague ist very intelligent but seems a bit mad.
Ich würde mich selbst als abenteuerlustig beschreiben.
I would describe myself as adventurous.
Ich bin fleißig, aber du bist faul.
I am hardworking but you are lazy.

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